Scientific name: Tuber Melanosporum
About of Black Truffle:
Black truffles are fungi and belong to Tuberaceae family. They are dark brown fruity body with peppery flavour. They grow at the depth of 5 cm-50 cm in loose calcareas soil, near oak, cherry, chestnut trees. They are harvested in November to March and fruiting body appears in June. They are available in Australia, South Africa, France, Italy, Spain and New Zealand. Black truffles are adapted to dry and hot conditions and humid temperature. The aroma is appreciated by human and recognised by the trained dog.
Description of Black truffle:
Black truffle is also called black diamond for its flavour and price. They are dark brown to black color and covered with small polygonal sections. The size of the ascomata is 1-10 cm and blackish brown, pyramidal and firm, solid stem marbled with small, thin, white branching vein. They have strong distinctive odour. The spores are elliptical and covered with large spikes. The spore bearing materials are grey brown and marbled with white membrane in a random pattern. They are earthy aroma with high distinctive flavour.
You can keep this mushroom good for more than 4 years from their date of production. Store the mushroom in fridge in a paper bag.
Taste and use:
They have strong aromatic smell and have a unique odour. They are appreciated by French cuisine that specified their nature through cooking. This mushroom is pair well with omelette, pasta, egg, risotto, stuffing and tagliatelle. They can be diced sauted with oil, garlic, salt and pepper. The delicious items are Black truffle mushroom risotto, roast duck breast black truffle with sauce, black truffle sabayon and beef black truffle.
Nutrition value of black truffle (100 grams):
- Energy 143 cal
- Fat 12.5 g
- Sodium 500 mg
- Carbohydrate 3.6 g
- Sugar 1.8 g
- Protein 3.6 g